Volume 3, Issue 5 (2018)                   JCSFA 2018, 3(5): 119-145 | Back to browse issues page

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motaghizadeh. I, ameri H, khan abadi T. Contrastive Analysis of the Imperative Mood System in Persian and Arabic. JCSFA 2018; 3 (5) :119-145
URL: http://jcsfa.modares.ac.ir/article-39-36364-en.html
Abstract:   (8252 Views)
The aim of the present study is practical contrastive analysis of differences and similarities between the system of imperative mood of verb in Persian and its correspondence, imperative category, in Arabic considering structure, meaning, and usage. This study is accomplished based on the moderate theory of linguistics and using a descriptive-analytic method, it predicts difficulties and errors of Persian speaking students of Arabic in learning the imperative category in Arabic which in turn leads to the improvement of learning process. The results reveal that the imperative mood of Arabic is more varied than Persian in structure, meaning, and usage. Also, the deontic modality category in Arabic imperative is evident in imperative verbal noun, infinitive substituting for imperative, and an imperative verb which has an emphatic “n ”. whereas, Persian does not have this feature and uses adverb to show the deontic modality. In Arabic imperative, unlike Persian, the scope of imperator’s request is defined. Therefore, language learner will be confused in using such imperative categories.
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Article Type: Original Research |
Received: 2018/05/8 | Accepted: 2019/05/21 | Published: 2018/08/15

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